Why Its So Important To Keep Up With Technology News.

News plays an important role in anyones life. Many people neglect to read the news and they dont aware of anything that what is going in the world. However this is the great mistake but they did not think so. It is very important to good understanding of current affairs for many reasons. I will tell you why one has to read the news whether it will be related to society, technology or electronics. If you want to keep update yourself with the world you must have to read the blogs, articles and content related to the technology news or simple news. There are so many events happening all around the world among them some are important to know but some doesnt matter. But I am talking about technology news and electronics news.
First of all I would like to tell you what is electronics news and technology news? Blogs, article or contents which tells about new technologies or new invented electronics products are simply technology news. Now I am going to tell you read this. Firstly there are so many technology products invented daily. For example recently Lenovo recently launched six Android-based Smartphone for the Indian market with a price range of rupees 8,689 to 32,999 as the PC major seeks to tap a larger share of the Indian Smartphone market dominated by Samsung, Apple and Nokia. Another one is Microsoft has disclosed the updated version of its windows 8 operating system. So how would you know about these latest electronics product which innovated and releases If you dont have habit of read the technology news.
Secondly technology is the non permanence. It always changes according to time and to provide better facilities. Technology also changes regularly because it empowers people. The word technology is the broad term and it includes many fields like astronaut, medical, defense, Information technology or machines which regularly updated to achieve great efficiency. Like recently Intel has launched its fourth-generation processor, code-named Haswell in India. This is the technology news and my question is how would you use and take benefits of these products and technology if you dont look up the technology news. Also reading about hi-tech innovations can be fun if you are really into that stuff.
If we talk about the society news it is also the medium of conversation. If anything is going on in the world then this is a sure fire way to spark up a conversation with someone where there might otherwise have been an awkward silence. Now we come to electronics news. Electronics news and technology news are some similar or we can say technology news is the part of the Electronics news. Also the electronics news is beneficial to updates your current affairs knowledge which in turn beneficial for your exams which include current affairs section. So only thing is that you have to make habit from now to look up on the electronics and technology news to keep yourself updated and ahead with your friends.

How Does Sixth Sense Technology Work

Whirpool sixth sense technology has been created to make household chores the easiest they can possibly be. The manufacturer has created sixth sense technology to ensure perfect results every time, as well as savings in energy, water and time. It is available on all Whirlpool product types.

Whirlpool sixth sense products give you real assistance in storing and cooking your food, washing and drying your clothes and cleaning your dishes. It makes all kitchen tasks as easy, pleasurable and time efficient as possible.

Whirlpool sixth sense technology allows you to take advantage of special sensors to continuously monitor and automatically adjust the performance of your kitchen appliances, offering outstanding results and significant resource savings.

So how does sixth sense technology work in the different kitchen appliances?

Washing machines – in Whirlpool washing machines the intelligent sixth sense technology sensors firstly measure the load size. Secondly, they will adjust the water, the temperature and the time in order to save energy and natural resources (and your utility bills!). After this the machine continues to monitor and adjust the programme to ensure perfect results and maximum efficiency. Running a sixth sense cycle on your machine can save you up to 30 per cent of energy on a normal wash.

Tumble dryers – sixth sense technology works in dryers by constantly measuring the humidity level in your clothes through dedicated sensors. It automatically adjusts the drying cycle to finish when your clothes are done, saving time and energy. Sixth sense dryers will safely dry extremely delicate fabrics and will even work when the load contains mixed fibre types, ensuring soft, optimal drying.

Fridges and freezers – in this case Whirlpool sixth sense technology maintains the best storage temperatures for your food and only cools when it is necessary which improves the energy efficiency of the appliance. These fridge freezers also detect temperature changes after the door has been opened. It directs chilled air into the affected zones and restores temperatures five times faster than a Whirlpool fridge without sixth sense technology.

The Whirlpool WSC5533AX American fridge freezer is just one example of sixth sense technology in a fridge freezer.

Also in the Whirlpool sixth sense cooling products you have the benefit of the multiflow ventilation system. This is a “total no frost” system which circulates chilled air around the freezer’s storage areas, reducing humidity and preventing the formation of ice. You guessed it…that means no more defrosting! This system blows chilled air around the interior of the fridge to ensure perfect conditions throughout.

Transdermal Technology – The Key To Prosolution Gel

Transdermal technology is the key to it is the new and exciting breakthrough in mens sexual health. Many guys suffer from lack of sexual preformance form one time or another for many different reasons. The problems include:-

-Problems achieving an erection..

-The erection doesn’t quite become stiff enough.

-Unable to contol the penis to achieve satisfaction for the man or his partner.

-Unable to keep the erection throughout the duration of the sexual act.

-Premature ejaculation.

-Liitle feeling leading to a poor climax.

Fortunately, there’s ProSolution Gel. This fast-acting formula delivers natural ingredients and nutrients directly to the penis for a feeling of fuller, thicker and firmer erections, plus longer lasting erections, improved sexual stamina and the prevention of premature ejaculation.

The Science

The way an erection works is the there are two chambers in the genitals that fill with blood during arousal. They fill with upto eight to ten times as much blood than that of a normal penis. This blood stays in the penis until the release through orgasm.

Men can run into problems at any stage of the erection from arousal though performance to the end of the climax cycle. Booze, stress, tiredness, worry, anxiety or other physical problems can interrupt at any time. For many guys the first sign of trouble can distract causing a snowball effect that can ruin the experience entirely.

Many guys who even go through and complete a sexual experience to the point of orgasm can still have an unfufilled experience feel that they could of had a better and more rewarding experience which will lead to a better experience for the man and his partner.

The Answer To You Problems

ProSolution Gel uses the science of transdermal technology enabling it to deliver erection and performance boosting ingredients directly to the penis. The active ingredients go to work in immediatley to give you a thicker, bigger erection that last much longer than usual. In fact, over 97% of men who have tried ProSolution Gel say it has made a significant difference in their erection size and sexual performance.

Increasing The Bloodflow

Bringing more blood to the penis during arousal is the first key to a better erection. ProSolution Gel incorporates the power of L-Arginine to increase nitric oxide in the area around your genitals – and nitric oxide helps to open blood vessels to allow you to pump up the chambers of the penis to their absolute maximum.

Staying Hard Longer

Transdermal Technology gives you a better erection it then goes onto allow you to keep that erection for longer. Transdermal technology helps keep you rock hardness using a combination of herbal ingredients that give you better control and greaterre stamina, effortlessly.

A Better Finish

Let’s not forget that the whole point of all of this is to enjoy the very best sex of your life and that means an amazing finish. While the world’s best quality lubricating and conditioning ingredients give you every amazing sensation, a blast of Vitamin C and other nutrients work to send your climax into the stratosphere.

Transdermal technology may help in improving your sex life by allowing you to be able deliver the natural ingredients to help directly where needed.

Technology Driven Business Process Solutions To Enhance Business Prospects

In the present scenario technology has left no field untouched. It has provided people with extraordinary comforts to life. Internet is also a great boon of the technological advancement that has brought a new dimension in our personal and professional life as well. These days, Internet has opened to door of business in all over the world. People can sell, as well as purchase the goods from anywhere in worldwide. Technology driven business process solutions also play vital role for Internet users and try to make their best for them to gain their objects in an easier way.

E-business is also one of the effective forms of technology driven business process solution. It is important in the coming times, since these solutions are changing the facade of competition, as well as business. Most of the organisations are outsourcing their procedures to many companies that can bring advanced plenty of business solutions. In fact, these technology driven business process solutions are not only functions but also quite significant development tools. These solutions may also include from electronic purchasing to supply chain management, customers relationship supervision to other procedures, superior presentation and a lot more.

With the help of the technology driven business process solutions and using structured strategies to lift up bang on existing projects, you can select the technology options that may enhance your business. Moreover, you can also tender appraisal process and contract by managing the procurement procedures from disclaimers, notices and ITT formation. By using an IT consultancy you can make sure that you receive the right steps on the pathway to a constant, entrenched trade that has supplied its technology bottom a fair option at making business surroundings encouraging with amend and elasticity.

Technology driven business process solutions are all about a work stream plan, often vivid, execution of automating and arranging work procedures. In fact, these business solutions can assist a project monitor human and automatic processes. Some of these solutions can also transfer data test set of tasks to make sure that a business method is being trailed. These solutions also authorize a trade manager to visually portray, control and follow the stream of a work development. The technology driven business process solutions usually occupy computer systems and software to mechanise a procedure.

Some of the technology driven business process solutions are several that can bring plenty of wonders for your professions. These solutions may include website designing, site personalisation, site marketing, content management and E-services including web systematic, payment processing, web safety services and a lot more. These latest technologies work for you and you can manage more professionally with your dealing partners on the Internet.

The technology driven business process solutions help companies reap maximum advantages of technology and also minimise other limitations of return gains. You can also take help of these technology driven business process solutions to improve your online business. It would also be more beneficial for companies to analyse their requirements of such a solution before availing of them.

Have Your Data Storage Saved Using Web Technology

We know many ways to store our data by using what technology has to offer from tape drives to DVDs to online servers. Today, there is new and fast phase online technology very suitable to most business organizations. The use of web data storage has become famous because of its ease and convenience. Simply making a backup of your data online is one of the safest ways to keep your files intact and retrievable. Online storage has been continuously broadened and developed using advance and latest technology.

People who are conscious on their data wonder if virtual office data storage on the Internet is a safe practice. Absolutely, it is as everything is encrypted to the point that no one even the one who maintains the server can decode it. Web data storage works online like a safe deposit box in a bank. No one may be able to get into your box without the key. Web storage is definitely safe, secure and available for everyone.

As the business grows, the more you need to settle for your backup storage plans. With that, you may get a web data storage software from Remote Backup Systems. It is completely automatic and easy to use. A good company knows to have a proper web backup of their most critical files.

To lighten up the burden and pressure, web data storage from RBS is the key to those questions. So far, the oldest known remote backup company is RBS. They are the first to set protocol that eventually led to technical standards in the field of remote backup.

It is important for growing companies to have their data backup online. Getting a web data storage is one of the wisest ways to keep critical data safe. It is a kind of program that is automatic, simple to use and it is as well encrypted for security purposes. It has become a necessity for some business to keep track of their data for future purposes. This kind of advantage is one you could get using the latest web data technology.

The Latest Laser Tattoo Removal Technology In St. Louis

The newest technology for removing tattoos with a laser is called Q-switch. In St. Louis and the surrounding area there are several places that use this procedure. Here’s a little bit about it.

Lasers have been used for removing tattoos since the early 1990s, although the effectiveness of the method was first reported in the late 1960s. Other cosmetic procedures also use lasers, such as permanent hair removal, skin rejuvenation, and vein treatments.

Places to get this procedure performed include hair-removal clinics, dermatologists, cosmetic surgeons, some spas, and even some tattoo shops. They may refer to the procedure as Q-switch, pulsed light or simply laser therapy. Practically all of the modern clinics use the Q-switch technology.

The first lasers used for these procedures put out a steady beam of light. Q-switching creates a pulsed beam which has a much higher output then the old continuous beam lasers.

The pulsed beams are used today because they are more effective, require fewer treatments and are generally regarded as less painful. It feels similar to having a rubber band snapped against your skin. The pulsed beams are also less likely to cause burns or other damage to the skin.

Out of all the lasers that use the Q-switch technology, the Medlite C6 is considered the best for tattoo removal. Using it’s short pulse, high energy technology the Medlite C6 can treat tattoos with very little chance of scarring and less pain than any other laser systems. It also has the unique ability to output four different wavelengths allowing it to treat more colors than any other laser.

Lasers remove tattoos by working with the body’s lymphatic system which naturally removes impurities from the body, and cause tattoos to eventually fade. Lasers speed up this process by shattering the pigments used in tattoos into tiny particles. This makes it easier for the particles to be cleared by the body’s lymphatic system, causing no harm to the body.

Laser tattoo removal is most effective when the ink is dark. Black and red for example can be removed more easily than yellow and green.

Some parlors are using a new kind of ink for their tattoos. The ink is called Infinitink. It is a patented product designed to be removed in a single laser treatment. Other inks on the market will take several treatments (at least 3) to produce the results most people are after.

People that live in St. Louis and had their tattoos applied prior to 2009 would likely need at least three treatments to significantly fade the colors. Infinitink was not widely used until 2009. At first it was only available in black, but currently it can be found in other colors as well.

Offices in St. Louis offering laser tattoo removal usually recommend 3-6 treatments spaced 6-8 weeks apart. This is because the body takes that long to absorb the ink that was broken down during the laser sessions. The spacing also reduces the chance of burning or skin damage.

The fees charged by St. Louis laser tattoo removal specialists vary greatly. Usually you will get quotes between $100 and $400 per visit, depending on how large and how many tattoos you want treated.

PORTRAYAL OF WOMEN IN THE NOVELS AND SHORT-STORIES OF BHARATI MUKHERJEE

PORTRAYAL OF WOMEN IN THE NOVELS AND SHORT-STORIES OF BHARATI MUKHERJEE AND EDITED POEMS OF HARPRASAD SHARMA BY DR. RAM SHARMA

Taking into account the complexity of life,different histories culture and different structures of values, the woman’s question despite basic solidarity, needs to be tackled in relation to the socio-cultural situation. The novels of Bharati Mukherjee are self actualising. Quest for the definition of self and search for identity are the main features of her women who are seen caught in the flux of tradition and tradition and modernity. Neither can they completely detach themselves from their part, nor do they have any certitude in the future. Bharati Mukherjee has interceded reworked the study of feminism in her writings. Central to her vision in The Holder Of The World, Wife and jasmine are issues related to women. Feminism in her works has something of What Caroll Smith Rosen Berg (1979) argues is -the emotional segregation of women and man, which brought about, led to the development of a specifically female world(137)-. The network of female world comes to us not only in Mukherjee’s novels but also in her collections of Short Stories. She advocates many faces of feminism encompassing agitation for equal opportunity, sexual antonomy and right of self determination.

Justification

Mukherjee’s fiction convinces us that gender is a multifaceted category open to change and variation, and reinforces, what Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing had suggested-that particular forms of female marginality must be examined in relation to the conditions of women’s lives-as immigrants, minorities, wealthy, poor, black, white, sex workers, maids, or academics (quoted by Rayaprol 135). Mukherjee’s depiction of women and their different relationships portrays the dominance of patriarchal practices in traditional society, as well as the forms of liberation and empowerment which are available to women in their diasporic situation. Mukherjee’s female characters are real, modern lifelike. They are typical representatives of young woman particularly of The Third World countries who cherish the dream of emigrating to America for higher education and higher wages, and then after arrival there, aspire to settle there permanently. Their situations and the difficulties they face are also realistically portrayed. In nearly, all stories there is a fixed pattern. In the first part of each story, the focus is on narrating the situation of an immigrant who is in the process of immigration or settling down and in the second part who is in the process of immigration or settling down and in the second part the protagoinst is invariably given to making love with a partner of the opposite sex who is rooted in the American soil.

Contents

1. Chapter I Introduction 2. Chapter II Portrayal of Women IN -The Tiger’s Daughter- 3. Chapter III Portrayal of Women IN -Wife- 4. Chapter IV Portrayal of Women IN -Jasmine- 5. Chapter V Portrayal of Women IN -The Holder Of The World- 6. Chapter VI Portrayal of Women IN -Leave It To Me- 7. Chapter VII Portrayal of Women IN -Desirable Daughters- 8. Chapter VIII Portrayal of Women IN -Tree Bride- 9. Chapter IX Portrayal of Women IN -The Short Stories- 10. Conclusion 11. Bibliography (i) Primary Sources (ii) Critical Studies On Bharati Mukherjee

Chapter I

Introduction

Bharati Mukerjee is a significant woman novelist. She was born on 27th July 1940, in a Bengali Brahmin family of Calcutta. Her father’s name was Sudhir Lal Mukherjee. He was a pharmaceutical chemist. Her mother, Bina Mukherjee was a housewife. Mukherjee spent her first eight years as a member with her parents and two sisters in a joint family . She lived with her parents and two sisters in London for about three years. in 1951 the family returned to Calcutta and she joined the English -speaking Loreto, convent school, run by Irish nuns. Mukherjee and her sisters were chauffeured to the convent school quite, Characteristic of this clash of Bengalis, the family “westernized” in the sense that English education was valued.

In 1958, Mukherjee’s father lost her partnership in the factory and moved him family to Baroda. Bharati Mukherjee completed her B.A. (Honours) English at university of Calcutta in 1959. She took her M.A. degree in English from the university of Baroda in 1961.She went to the University of obtained an MFA in creative writing in 1963 and a Ph.D. in English in 1969.

In the University of Iowa Mukherjee met Clark Blaise, a Canadians fellow student at the university of Iowa. She married him in 1963. She lived in Canada from 1966 to 1980. She got Canadian citizenship and lived in Toronto and then in Montreal. She held teaching portions at MC Gill university and Concordia university. She migrated to the U.S.A. in 1980 with her family and become a U.S.A citizen in 1988. She was awarded the “Prestigious Shastri Indo Canadian Institute Grant” during the year 1976-77. She was a recipient of “Guggenhein Foundation Award” in 1978-79 and “Canadian Government Award in 1982.” She also won the first prize from “Periodical Distribution Association in 1980″ for her short story “Isolated Incidents”. Mukherjee has also been honoured with the “National Book Critics Circle Award” for her short stories collection. “The Middleman and Other Stories in 1989″. Her other works are. Her creative five novels are: “The Tiger’s Daughter (1972), Wife (1975), Jasmine (1989), The Holder of the world (1993) , Leave It to me (1997), Desirable Daughters (2002) and The tree Bride (2004) and two collections of short stories : “Darkness (1985)” and ” The Middleman and Other Stories (1988)”. Her husband, Clark Blaise, helps her in her fiction. He is an American – Canadian author. He teaches also in the English department of Columbia university.She has co-authored with her husband two non-fictional works: first is ” Days and Night in Calcutta” in (1977), and second is ” The Sorrow and the Terror”

Chapter-II

Portrayal Of Women In -The Tiger’s Daughter-

The Tiger’s Daughter reflects the confrontation between illusion and reality. Tara, the protagoinst was packed off by her father at early age of fifteen at America, because he was prompted by suspicion and pain for his country. Tara is homesick in Poughkeepsie. Little things pained her. She sensed discriminaton if her room mate did not share her mango chutney. She defended her family and her country vehemently. She prayed to kali for strength, so that she would not break down, before the Americans. It was fate that she fell in love with an American. This novel begins with a reference to fate and astrology. It seems a device adopted by the writer around which she can weave her plots. Tara’s husband David was painfully Western, she was dutifully devious in her marriage. She could not communicate the finer nuances of her family background and life in Calcutta. Her husband asked nave questions about Indian Customs and Traditions. She felt completely insecure in an alien atmosphere. -Madisson Square was unbearable and her husband was after all a foreigner.- After a gap of seven years Tara planned a trip to India, for years she had dreamed of this return. She believed that all hesitations and all shadowy fears of the time abroad would be erased quite magically if she could return home to Calcutta. With the precision of a newspaper reporter, Bharati Mukherjee leads her heroine through a series of adventures and dis-adventures to a final self-realisation and reconciliation. Tara’s homesick eyes noticed may changes in the city of Calcutta. She was outraged, and could not respond to these changes. She longed for the Bengal Of Satyajit Rao , children running through cool green spaces, aristocrats despairing in music rooms of empty places. What confronted her was a restive city which forced weak men to fanatical defiance or dishonesty.

The writer interlinks the events-like Tara’s visit to funeral pyre at the river bank, her meeting with a small beggar girl affected with leprosy, the vision of beggar children eating off the street, the superficialities in the lives of her friends, the riots and demonstrations and her claustrophobic rape by the politician Tuntunwala to bring out the trauma of Tara’s visit to India. Tara’s visit to Darjelling is also marred by ugly and violent incidents. Many of Tara’s doubts and conflicts are resolved by the strength, determination and quite dignity of her parents. AntoniaWhitehead, an American lends Tara a fresher and clearer perspective about her country. Tara realized that her earlier responses to Calcutta had also been similarly impatient, menacing and equally innocent. The visit to the ashram of Mata Kananbala Devi makes her share of love for her mother as well as the worshippers.The Indian dream is shattered but the writer leads the heroine to a final reconciliation. At the end of the novel, Tara is involved in a violent demonstration, in which Joyob Roy Chaudhary, a symbol of the old world is brutally beaten to death. Pronob the youth tries to save him, but is himself injured in the process. This was a course of history, which could not be stopped. -She felt she had made peace with the city, nothing more was demanded.-

Chapter-III

Portrayal Of Women In -Wife-

Wife is a story of Dimple Das Gupta, a product of Calcutta’s middle class that values docility and submissiveness in women. From the very beginning we feel that the Dimple is not like a normal girl, she thinks that marriage is a blessing in disguise. It will bring her freedom, fortune and happiness. At last her father Mr. DasGupta married her daughter with Amit Basu. Basu’s house is not attractive, so she does not feel easy there. She doesn’t likes Amit’s mother and sister also. Her mother-in-law dislikes her name -Dimple’ and wants to call her -Nandini’. Dimple Basu has always lived in a fantastic world, a world which is created by herself. But when she confronts the hard realities of life the feathers of her imagination are clipped. Amit was not the man Dimple has imagined for her husband. With the passing of time the excitement of marriage diminishes and she becomes pregnant, She feels a strange sensation. Pregnancy is a boon for Indian women, but Dimple is singular in that -She thought of ways to get rid of -. So she decides to terminate her pregnancy, Only Dimple who can do herself abortion, She never repents her cruel deeds. Inamdar rightly says -Dimple is a psychic study of an abnormal woman-. Dimple wants to do away with the tradition taboos of a wife and she becomes on escapist, lost in her requestered world of fantasy. The killng of a mouse to her is a symbolic suicide of herself. In New York her circumscribed self finds expressions for her frustration in a chilling effect of self assertion- the act being the cold blooded murder of her husband. The name Dimple is quite scintillating and enticing but lexico- graphically it means any slight surface depression. This depression on the surface is again symbolic of the depression within her psyche, which is borne out of her irritable responses to the things around her. Bharati Mukherjee present the world of Dimple. A world of day dreams and nightmares and her morbid psyche through a series of grotesqe images. Dimple’s morbidity is evident while she is still at her parental home in the way she allows her conscious mind to be completely dominated by the colourful romance projected in the advertisements and the stories of magzines. Including herself in sexual fantasies with Cricket Stars, Young Cabinet Ministers and Heroes from novels, Dimple sets out on a long journey of unreal meaningless and morbid existence. Dimple in wife, is symbolized the predicament of a voice without articulation and without a vision. They are visionless because they are voiceless ; they are rootless because they are shootless. Uniquely Indian are superficially westernized, she is basically human. They give vent to their feminine sensibility in their frantic desire for an authentic communication with the self as well as the society.

Chapter-IV

Portrayal Of Women In Jasmine

Jasmine can be read as a feminist novel where the protagonist rebels not only against age-old superstitions and traditions, but also effects a proper balance between tradition and modernity. The novel is a celebration of the strength of a woman, not her weakness. In a language of emotion and meticulous metaphor using images provided by the woman protagonist the novelist has articulated the many sided pathos and rebellion of contemporary Indian Woman, not only in India but also in New World. In Jasmine a woman comes to terms with her own self. As Sumita Roy points out :- -Jasmine’s search for self-recognition takes her in social and spiritual direction–.till she arrives at a time when she can view the future -greedy with wants and reekless from hope-. From the very beginning Bharati Mukherjee has delineated the Jyoti of Hasanpur (who later on becomes Jasmine, and Jase and Jane ) as a rebel against blind beliefs and superstitions. Early in the novel Jyoti tries to raise herself above such blind belief in fate which is adumbrated by the astrologer thus -fate is Fate-. While scavenging firewood Jyoti gets a star shaped wound on her forhead. That scar becomes her third eye and through an archetypal image (Shiva’s Third Eye) Mukherjee shows that already Jyoti was peering out into invisible words (Now I am a sage-) The third eye gives her a wide and true perspective on life. She learns to look back to the past not like a coward bunkering herself inside nostalgia, sheathing her heart in a bullet-proof vest. For her, even memories are a sign of disloyality. Similarly with her third eye she learns to look into the future with pain and hope and when she embarkes into her final journey in America she is -greedy’ with wants and reekless with hopes. It is as if like Shiva she was swallowed the cosmos whole. Bharati Mukherjee also shows her woman protagonist repudiating centuries – old ugly Indian tradition of checking the boys horoscope.The second archetypal image that Bharati Mukherjee uses to bring out the protagonist’s feminist trait is that of Kali, the Goddess of Destruction. But since in Hindu mythology Kali is an incarnation of Durga, the Godess of Strength (shakti), the image here is more relevant to the strength of a woman like Jasmine who has embarked on a perilous journey to a new world of fulfill her husband’s dream. After her husband’s death in order to reach USA she stows in a boat captained by half-face. But after landing in America when half-face demands his price (nothing less than the satisfaction of his lurtful passions will do) Jasmine in a truly feminist gesture decides to kill the Devil Incarnate and Bharati Mukherjee brilliantly fuses two archetypal image to enact the killing of Kali : The Godess of Destruction and strength and the broken pitcher. This new identity in reality expresses another aspect of the -feminist- in the Indian fiction in English for the true feminist, in my eyes, is the one who has achieved a proper balance between tradition and modernity. In the beginning in America Jasmine lodges with Prakash’s Professorji-Mr. Vadhera. But she feel uncomfortable in Professorji’s house which they have converted into a Punjab ghetto. She wants to get away from the claustrophobic traditional -Indianness’ and Bharati Mukherjee brings out this contrast between tradition and modernity through the contrast between Professorji wife Nirmala and the protagonist Jasmine. Nirmala only takes, Jasmine both takes and gives. That is why she can escape the Indian ghetto in flushing and adopt herself to the patterns of dominant. American culture ( modernity) but that does not mean she throws to the wind her race, her religion , her beliefs (tradition). A true feminist Jasmine, does not hold fast to nostalgia that is dead but maintains certain basic traits of Indian Culture even after imbibing American Culture. Thus even after Jasmine has become Dulf’s day Mummy, a caregiver (not a servant, mind you) in the Taylor household her traditional roots break through again and again. With infinite care Bharati Mukherjee her protagoinst’s gradual transformation but some times there is a conflict between Jasmine’s two selves, one still holding fast to traditional Indian Values of life and the other an adventure in a Capitalistic Culture. But as an apotheosis of true Feminist spirit Jasmine does not hold fast to a -dead nostalgia- and as she tells Taylor about her past, it gets exorcised. She falls hopelessly in love with Taylor but the past comes back to destroy her present when she sees Sukhi, her husband’s murderer in the park and she decides to leave Claremont For Iowa. And here in Iowa Budd Ripplemeyer falls in love with her (and she gets a new identity : Jane Ripplemeyer ) . Budd courts her because for him she is the very embodiment of Eastern mystery. -Budd courts me because I am alien, I am darkness, mystery inscrutability.- Bharati Mukherjee passes the final judgement through her mouthpiece, Jasmine, we are once won over by her scintillating prose, her cadenced rhythm and above all her powerful feminist convictions. -I am caught between the promise of America and old world dutifulness.-

Chapter-V

Portrayal Of Women In -The Holder Of The World-

-The Holder Of The World- is a feminist novel. But as far as handling of feminist point of debate is concerned a parallel can be drawn between -The Journey Of Ithaca- and -The Holder Of The World-. -The Holder Of The World- is a story of Hannah Easton a abandoned child came to India in the seventeenth century and imbided herself in its culture. Hannah Easton arrives in India from Puritan Massachusetts and -translates herself’ into the Salem Bibi, the mistress of Raja Jadav Singh. The novel also gyrates around the tale of the Emperor’s Tear, the diamond which Aurangzeb hung in his war tent and which Hannah steals. But history loses the diamond. In the mid-twenteith century Beigh Marters and her boyfriend Venn Iyer of MIT strives to create the greatest -data plasma’ in the world. They ste to unearth something useful from layers of history, life and times of the Salem Bibi and the Emperor’s Tear. Beigh Masters visit the Maritime Museum in Massachussets to lock into the dusty debris of Mughal Miniature Paintings’ goes to auction houses and several historical records and memories. The transmigration of Salem Bibi’s soul through time and space becomes an allegory of Beifg Master’s personal discovery.Flavour of -historical feminism’ is insinuated here and there through the incidents of Hannah’s life. Her mother Rebecca leaves an ineradicable imprint on young Hannah’s mind which she disappears with a Nipmuc–The ultimate unnatural crime of Puritan Life–.She (Hannah) witnessed the fall, not Adam’s fall Rebecca’s fall. Hannah carries claustrophobic memories of the event through out her life. She too later profligates the concept of a proper English lady to become the bibi of Jadhav Singh, who is fighting the Mughals. She was brought up in an orthodox setup of fitch household, gained all the conventional wisdom and housekeeping, developed an obsessive love of needle work. Hannah neither forgets nor forgives her mother’s crime of elopement. She never shares her emotional tumult with anyone. In the Puritan family circle of fitch she could never imagine to talk to her mother. Her husband Gabriel Legge is a colourful raconteur, the swaggering seafarer, he never had time or sensibility to listen to Hannah. He is employed as a factor of the East India Company. Hannah’s fate brings her to India, her marriage with Gabriel emulates her mother’s behaviour. She finds a good friend in Bhagmati, her Indian ayah, who brings to her the glimmerings of understanding of an aged civilization. She narrates fragments from -The Ramayana’. She is attracted to the events of Sita’s life because she proves her purity to her husband and to her society in a trial by fire. The God Of Fire, Agni, embraces her and expels her unscorched. An interesting parallel is that Hannah’s life was also a trial by fire , but unlike Sita she never withstands Agnipariksha for the sake of her husband. Gabriel wanted Hannah to triumph over her Puritan sensibilities and she obliged him, because she loved things of life. Legge joins a group of pirates and during one of his misadventures with Haj pilgrims he is separated from his wife. Hanna escapes with Bhagmati to Panpur under the protection of Raja Jadav Singh of Devgad. Bhagmati and Hannah become the guests of Raja. She steps into a new world of Hinduism. She and Jadav Singh wooed each other. The Nawab Haider Beg despatches his most ruthless commander , Morad farah, to cage Raja, Jadav Singh unsurp the diamond, Emperor’s tear and bring Hannah, the firangi lady. Jadav Singh with no option, bundled Hannah and Bhagmati into a palanquin and a disguised Raja into another. On their way to Nawab the Raja attacked the Mughal army. Hannah eventually kills Morad saves Jadav’s life and brings him back to Panpur. She decides to offer her life to end the war, goes to transact with the Emperor but is taken hostage by him. Whenever, Aurangzeb comes to see her, she is reminded of Ravana the demon king of Lanka in Muslim disguise. Though she fails in her mission for armistice between the Raja and the Emperor, somehow, she purloins the diamond- the Emperor’s Tear. She hands over the diamond to Bhagmati. The diamond is ultimately found by Beigh Masters in a cyberspatial finale. Bhagmati thrusts the world’s most famous diamond into her dying womb. It is in her grave that they find the holder of the world of the seventeenth century. Bharati Mukherjee sees herself as a unique human being and gives message to her fellow female. In -The Holder Of The World-, she suggests two advantages of Women Liberation. Hannah and Bhagmati in -The Holder Of The World- recurrently defy estrangement in the society they live and get the answer in rejecting cultural stereotypes they develop the life of their own outside the home. The Salem Bibi provocates Masters Beigh to unreveal the mystery which surrounded her life and the diamond. Mukherjee devotes her attention to female issues in the historical times as well as in the contemporary society. Mukherjee and Master Beigh involve deeply in the Salem Bibi in making sense from the historical evidences because conventional answers no longer satisfy. They feel social and cultural change in a recursive process and women have to play steering role.

Chapter VI

Portayal Of Women In -Leave It To Me-

The protagonist is a Eurasian Orphan, Debbie Devi who is adopted by an upstate New York family of Italian Origin. Born in India and raised as an adopted child, Devi Dee travels through America to find her bio-mom. By the time she has arrived in San Francisco and taken a band of aging ex-hippies and a psychotic Vietnam Vet, her identity crisis looms large. It leads her to track down her bio-parents in Laxmipur, Devigaon, India, and the orphanage where she raised-the Gray Sisters–Soeuss Grises–Sore Grease-in Mount Abu. She learns from Fred, her hired detective, that her mother was the Hippie follower of a sex-age guru, and her father the founder of the ashram, serial killer Romeo Hawk Haque. The offspring of this unlikely liaison, Devi Dee-presumed missing or dead is saved by nuns and shipped abroad to America, where she is raised as the adopted child of the Di Martino family. Twenty three years later having graduated from Sunny, Albany, she sets out to seek her bio-mom in off-beat California. This novel makes the predicament of the protagonist crystal-clear, Mukherjee deals with the reality of -Time-Travel-. In -Leave It To Me- Mukherjee reverts to her earlier obsession with an exile’s agony.

Chapter-VII

Portrayal Of Women In -Desirable Daughters-

-Desirable Daughters- follow the diverging paths taken by three Calcutta-born sisters as they come of age in a changing world. Tara, Padma and Parvati were born into a wealthy Brahmin family presided over by their dothing father and their traditionalist mother. Intelligent and artistic, the girls are nevertheless constrained by a society with little regard for women. Their subsequent rebellion will lead them in different directions to different continents and through different circumstances that strain yet ultimately strengthen their relationship. Bharati mukherjee has written a remarkable novel that is both the portrait of a traditional Indian Brahmin family and a contemporary American story of a woman who is in many ways broken with tradition but still remains tied to her native country. This is about three Bengali sisters who grew up in Calcutta and eventually end up in three different corners of the globe leading three different lifestyles. One lives a comfortable life in a posh residential locality in Mumbai keeping herself busy in household chores. Another of the sister ends up New Jersey among the elite class of migrant Indians. The third ends up in the West in California Leading a more pedestrian life after getting a divorce from her business tycoon husband. It’s an interesting tale about how life puts us in different circumstances we hardly imagined ourselves in and how each of us overcomes the challenges that life poses us. -Desirable Daughters- is a melting pot of styles. It’s a middlebrove women’s novel (think an Indian Hannah and her sisters) ; a postcolonial tale life with meditations on belonging and exile, and a thriller, complete with a mysterious stranger and quirky cop. Throw in a touch of Hindu style magic realism and stir. Tara Chatterjee, the afformentioned narrator, is the youngest of three sisters from the wealthy Calcutta family trapped between the old world and the new. At nineteen she was married off to Bish Chatterjee, who became a Silicon Valley Billionare. Now pushing 40, tara is a divorcee living in San Francisco with her teenage son and her boyfriend, a Buddhist earthquake-proofer whose truck advertises him as the -Zen Master of Retro Fit-. Although she left Calcutta decades ago, Tara radar is always on alert, encoding names, manners, and accents whenever she encounters strangers of Indian descent. This ethnic antenna comes in hardy when young man named Chris Dey surfaces, claiming to be the illegitimate son of her eldest sister, Padma. Tara senses there is something fishy about him and call her riblings, hoping to clear up the mystery. These searching conversations with Padma (a multicultural performance artist in New Jersey) and Parvati (who lives in Bombay and, worries incessantly about crime) provide some of the funniest, most astute scenes in the novel. Mukherjee has perfect emotional pitch, nailing the conflicted, sometimes vicious dynamics among sisters. Tara initially describes her family as close ; in reality, she and her sisters routinely whitewash their sadness. -The rules of our transcontinental relationships are instituted, never acknowledged.- Tara admits at one point, – We accept that given the international phone rates, our personal defeats are too banal to waste money on.- When she tries to pump them for information on the mysterious Chris Day, they scold her for tainting their cloistered, halcyon childhood with scandal. After some sleuthing on Tara’s part, she discovers that her father, a religious Brahmin, forbade Padma from marrying her Christian boyfriend, Ronald Dey, she also learns that the man who claims to be Chris Dey may be an importer linked to an Indian gangster syndicate who is targeting Bish Chattrejee’s tech empire. This thriller plotline isn’t entirely convicing because Mukherjee doesn’t take it seriously, mainly using Chris Dey as a device for transporting the specters of the past into the present. She traces a fuzzy line back several generation. -to the decision of Ronald’s grandfather to convert to protestantism and gain favour from the British and lose status with the Hindus.- Or may be even farther back to Tara’s own great grandfather, an educated Bengali who turned his back on colonial society and become a born-again Hindu, setting her family on the path of orthodoxy and repression. From a respected writer of fiction comes a stirring novel of three Calcutta born women, two continents, and a perilous journey from the old world to the new. Mukherjee weaves together stories of the sister’s ancestors, their childhood memories, and dramastic scenes from India’s History. Chapter-VIII

Portrayal Of Women In -Tree Bride-

The -Tree Bride- takes up from her last novel, Desirable Daughters, ended. It’s a second in a trilogy. The protagonist, Tara Chatterjee, is a savvy, cosmopolitian world-traveller very taken with her priveledged life as a Silicon Valley magnate. But when her home is firebombed just as she may be reconciling with her ex, she begins to yearn for home and tradition. A trip back to India rekindles a desire to find her family’s ancestral roots and place in the history of pre-independent India. The novel begins on this note with the most American of all searches : the desire to trace one’s ancestry. Tara is fascinated by an ancestor : her almost namesake, Tara Lata, a five year old girl who was a victim of the archaic custom of child marriage-atradition even her father, a university graduate and lawyer, willingly follows. It is 1879, and Tara Lata’s wedding party is traveling through a dark jungle to rendezvous with the bridegroom’s family, who instead of greeting them hurls curses at the bride, calling her unlucky because the boy bridegroom had been bitten fatally by a snake. To save her from a life of a degradation, widowhood, and shame, Tara Lata’s father -marries- her to the God of the forest, and she becomes the legendary Tree Bride. The young girl retreats to her father’s house and makes it a refugee for the poor, the sick, and finally the fighters for Indian Independence. She is dragged from her home in 1944 by colonial authorities, who announce her death six days later. Mukherjee does not have an aunt like Tara in the family, but she says that -three were many Tara Lata’s married to trees, so that they could have a life on earth, a place in society where they would not be considered outcasts, and a place in Heaven. The ancient Hindus believed that widows are unlucky and would descend to hell.- With ayoung woman trying to find herself and how she fit into her place in the universe, the story traces the British Colonial rule in India, its contributions and its ultimate downfall. While she is struggling with the thought of getting back with her ex-husband and being pregnant with her child, Tara tries to understand her heritage and the actions of her ancestors which may and may not have contributed to the sum total of the person she has evolved into. Every action in the universe has an equal and opposite reaction, nothing in the universe ever gets lost ; everything is connected. The -Tree Bride- is a one person narrative of British history in India. A great deal of detail has gone into recreating the British men who left their homeland to fulfill what they believed was a higher purpose of instilling order and discipline in foreign lands. Mukherjee with her insightful understanding of women nature deep psychological analysis never really succeeds in bringing the deeds British men to life. But she does shine with her evocation of the city of her birth, the Brahmin society’s snobbery and in capturing the intricacies of Tara and her namesake -The Tree Bride-.

Chapter-IX

Portrayal Of Women In -The Short Stories Of Bharati Mukherjee-

Bharati Mukherjee has written two collections of short

stories namely -Darkness (1985)- and -The Middleman and Other Stories-

(1989). Mukherjee’s Darkness consists of twelve short stories, and -The

Middleman and Other Stories- comprises eleven short stories very varied in

theme and technique. In many short stories of Bharati Mukherjee the

protogoinst are woman who are married or divorced and have an inclination

to from relationships which terminate in several misadventure. These female

characters can be called the liberated women. They pick and mix with men

so freely and satisfy their lust for sensuality and then instead of stopping

their move on to form new arrangements. The traditional view of seeing

these love-relationships terminating in marital unions or well established

love-affairs is nowhere distinctly conceived. On the contrary, their

disorderly conduct and promiscuity raise doubts about their notions and

dream of immigration and settlement in the United State. But one would

certainly be moved by the pathetic situation of kids born of unstabilized

marriages or marriages breaking up too soon making the kids grow into

freaks and emotionally unbalanced individuals. From the traditional way of

thinking of non-American societies, the new world life embraced by the

immigrants may appear to be seriously deficient in a moral system. To be

completely liberated in matters of sex may create more problems than it may

solve. The family life in America may appear to be so very unsecure and

unstable.

Bharati Mukherjee’s concern with the processes of

effecting transformations of the protagoinsts and other immigrants into

American citizens. Each one of the stories in one way or another turns on the

theme of fulfillment which is brought about almost mechanically without

first developing an appropriate emotional or sentimental matrix out of which

the desire for a matrimonial or love-relationship might genuinely result.

Panna, the protagoinst of The Wife’s Story has walked out of the traditional

Hindu Marriage, left Ahemdabad for Menhattan where she experiences

freedom and individuality. She learns a great deal from the way charity

chin’s lurid love life has -replaced inherited notions of marital duty.-

-The Middleman-, the title story is about the dangerous

career and fortunate survival of the half caste Maria narrated from the point

of an Iraqi observer participant. Mukherjee’s next story -The Tenant’ is

more successful and artistically finished than some of the earlier ones

discussed here, Maya Sanyal, a Ph. D. in Comparative Literature teaches

World Literature at the University Of Northern Iowa. For Maya, -no folly is

ever lost-. For , History is a net, the kind of safety net traveling trapeze

artists fall into, when inattentive or clumsy. Mukherjee’s Jasmine destined to

be developed into a novel a later date, It begins to be a matter of fact way.

Jasmine came to Detroit from Port Of Spain, Trinidad, by way of Canada.

Angella is the short story in Mukherjee’s Darkness , the

short story collection. Angella, the protogoinst tells us the sad story of an

immigrant from Bangladesh who can only dream of love, domesticity,

babies and all the comforts that a doctor’s wife can possibly enjoy in the

new world. Mukherjee’s second short story in this volume -The Lady From

Lucknow- is ironical in theme and technique. Beginning the story with a

surrealistic picturing of a broken heart from the point of view of a small and

possibly shocked girl of four. Mukherjee develops the theme of passionate

love into a major cultural paradex as a Muslim protogoinst matures into a

young and voluptus woman married to an engineer manager name Iqbal Iry.

-The World according to her.- Mukherjee’s next story the protogoinst Ratna

herself the offspring of an international marriage in 1936 (she had a

Czechoslovak mother and a Bengali father), is married to a liberal white

Canadian, probably a WASP. The next story entitled -The Father’ deals with a tricky situation in which the cultural and enthic encounter is not between

individuals but attitudes acquired as well as preserved ; between reason and

superstition. The Indian immigrants-the Bhowmicks are sufficiently

acclutured but not fully assimilated. The parents are horried to knowthat

their brilliant plain daughter, Babil, an Electrical Engineer wants to have a

baby by artificial insemination outside Wedlock. When confronted by the

-fantasising’ father and the shocked mother, the pregnant Babil replies ;

-Who needs a man? She hissed. The father of my baby is a bottle and

syringe. Men louse up your lives. I just want a baby.- -orbiting is a story of

great significance. When brent listens to Ro’s experiences in his home

country Afghanistan , he is for the first time exposed to Third World

Passion. Ro’s beloved Rindy comes to know for the first time that words like

Kandhar and Pamir are not Polish words but important names associated with Afghanistan.

Conclusion

Mukherjee’s female characters are real, modern lifelike. They are typical representatives of young woman particularly of The Third World countries who cherish the dream of emigrating to America for higher education and higher wages, and then after arrival there, aspire to settle there permanently. Their situations and the difficulties they face are also realistically portrayed. In nearly, all stories there is a fixed pattern. In the first part of each story, the focus is on narrating the situation of an immigrant who is in the process of immigration or settling down and in the second part the protagoinst is invariably given to making love with a partner of the opposite sex who is rooted in the American soil. There is little or no consideration that the sexual adventure of the female protagoinst with the male member of may amount to adultery or cause serious protest from the housewife. In fast, while such adulterous transactions are carried on freely and even promiscuously, the housewives take them as normal behaviour. The moral norms do not exist at all, or that sexual ptomiscuity is a socially recognized fact. The world then appears so ordained as to give, both man and woman equal dignity and equal freedom. It would then appear to be a world in which neither of them is seriously restrained or bound by obligations towards the children or to the collective family life. The stories have the form of the sonnet in the sense that while the first part develops the situation, the second part suddenly takes a decisive through expected turn culminating in the passionate, amoral adventure. By this sudden switch over to thesensual romantic theme, the story seem to develop a tendency towards the pornographic.

POEMS OF HARPRASAD SHARMA POSTED AND EDITED BY DR. RAM SHARMA IN 2007 DISPLAY OF MANKIND

Those days are gone , When love and compassion was shown, Now it is display of mankind, Intrigues and conspiracies without mind, Where such kinds of love will be found, He receives his friends in many a way, Where sun can be shown of hope but not a single ray, A figure of clay will a mundane game play, Where such a literary figure will be find, Who will show such kind of display of mankind ————————————————————————-

BUBBLE BY HARPRASAD SHARMA EDITED- DR. RAM SHARMA False attachment to worldly things, Nothing but pain and sorrow brings, Cling not to earthly things that seem, to sages like an empty dream, This body which is made of dust, Will one day like a bubble burst A frame which is subject to decay, Why grieve for that in such a way?

DR. RAM SHARMA C-26, SHRADHAPURI PHASE2, KANKERKHERA, MEERUT, U.P.

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Earnings Of A Health Information Technology

There are a selection of medical care experts in the health-related market. Medical professionals can be the most in-demand out there, yet there are several other folks just like them who help with preserving lives. One of these careers includes one of a health information technician. Find out about health information technology jobs together with the reimbursement obtained by professionals within this job. It will be a smart idea to learn about the different health-related occupations to assist you make most suitable choice on what fits you most.

Regarding Health Information Technology
Health information technology involves the administration of healthcare info by way of computer systems and also systems. This handles managing as well as controlling the actual health-related info and also information of individuals. It is because pretty much all data files nowadays are usually electronic. Health information technology takes on a huge function in guaranteeing effectiveness and also top quality in terms of the actual healthcare delivery process. This tremendously boosts health care quality, minimizes expenses, presents low-cost health-related, ceases health-related errors, and also lowers virtually any paper work.

Health Information Technician Duties
Duties of a wellness info specialist consist of handling as well as documenting existing as well as correct health-related information, records, financial info, and also administrative data within the health-related institution’s computer systems. Additionally , these kinds of professionals usually work along with health-related experts to make certain that just about all data files are up-to-date, clear, and also correct. Still all those within this job rarely really deal with individuals directly. You can find circumstances in which they can be assigned to manage medical transcription, billing, plus coding. Additionally , they should frequently work to boost the hospitals EMR – electronic medical record making sure that level of quality is retained.

Training Necessary to Turn into a Health Information Technician
People that need to practice this kind of occupation have to get a degree in health information technology. The program will include both technological along with medical subject areas. Moreover usage of computer software in addition to systems will likely be taught, since these are essential for taking care of health care data. In mot situations, a two-year associate’s degree must be attained. These are the essential requirements nevertheless for those that desire to obtain a higher position and wish to move forward within their occupation at a quicker pace, then it could be recommended to acquire a greater education say for example a four year bachelor’s degree.

Employment Possibilities in addition to Pay of a Health Information Technician Health information technicians have got a great job future. There are numerous employment options found in nursing homes and also other medical care companies. The technologies right now is actually progressing really swiftly, that is why the demand for this job boosts at the same time. At this moment, the yearly common salary received by technicians is around $30, 000. The range is actually anywhere between $24, 000-$40, 000. The pay received will depend on the level of education, practical knowledge, accreditation, work place, in addition to location.

Usually, health information technicians are seen employed in treatment centers, private hospitals, nursing facilities, and also other health care locations. This type of career is pretty fresh in the medical care business and is an excellent job for those who love cooperating with computer systems in addition to systems. Should you be looking into a occupation in health care yet are not sure if you would like confront people directly everyday, then you might would like to consider going after this particular occupation. Health information technicians are crucial within the functions in the health care discipline. Technology is swiftly growing around us which signifies that the need for those with the expertise along with skill to work alongside computers will be growing as well.

Looking To Sell Your Information Technology Company – Avoid Some Common Mistakes

Selling your information technology business is the most important transaction you will ever make. Mistakes in this process can greatly erode your transaction proceeds. Do not spend twenty years of your toil and skill building your business like a pro only to exit like an amateur. Below are ten common mistakes to avoid:

1.Selling because of an unsolicited offer to buy – One of the most common reasons owners tell us they sold their business was they got an offer from a competitor or more often these days, an Indian company looking to buy a customer base in the United States. If you previously were not considering this business sale, you probably have not taken some important personal and business steps to exit on your terms. The business may have some easily correctable issues that could detract from its value. You may not have prepared for an identity and lifestyle to replace the void caused by the separation from your company. If you are prepared, you are more likely to exit on your own terms.

2.Poor books and records – Business owners wear many hats. Sometimes they become so focused on the next version release that they are lax in financial record keeping. A buyer is going to do a comprehensive look into your financial records. If they are done poorly, the buyer loses confidence in what he is buying and his perception of risk increases. If he finds some negative surprises late in the process, the purchase price adjustments can be harsh. The transaction value is often attacked well beyond the economic impact of the surprise. Get a good accountant to do your books.

3.Going it alone – The business owner may be the foremost expert in GUI interfaces, but it is likely that his business sale will be a once in a lifetime occurrence. Mistakes at this juncture have a huge impact. It is especially critical to have a good M&A advisor if you are selling an information technology company because these companies do not fit traditional company valuation metrics. If an owner does not get the right representation and have several qualified buyers that covet his technology, he possibly can leave a lot of money on the table. Selling a technology company is complex. Is it a better deal to structure some of the transaction value as an earn out based on post acquisition sales performance?

Do you understand the difference in after tax proceeds between an asset sale and a stock sale? Your everyday bookkeeper may not, but a tax accountant surely does. Is your business attorney familiar with business sales legal work? Would he advise you properly on Reps and Warranties that will be in the purchase agreement? Your buyer’s team will have this experience. Your team should match that experience of it will cost you way more than their fees.

4.Skeletons in the closet – If your company has any, the due diligence process will surely reveal them. One of the key issues in information technology companies is the clear title to intellectual property. Are your employee agreements well written? If you hired outside programmers, was their agreement specific in ownership of their output? The concern of the buyer is that once it becomes public that the deep pockets company is owner, previous disgruntled employees or contractors may resurface looking to bring legal action.

Before your firm is turned inside out and the buyer spends thousands in this process and before the other interested buyers are put on hold – reveal that problem up-front. We sold a company that had an outstanding CFO. In the first meeting with us, he told us of his company’s under funded pension liability. We were able to bring the appropriate legal and actuarial resources to the table and give the buyer and his advisors plenty of notice to get their arms around the issue. If this had come up late in the process, the buyer might have blown up the deal or attacked transaction value for an amount far in excess of the potential liability.

5.Letting the word out – Confidentiality in the business sale process is crucial. If your competitors find out, they can cause a lot of damage to your customers and prospects. It can be a big drain on employee morale and productivity. What if your head of systems development gets skittish and entertains offers from other companies and leaves while you are selling? The buyer wants your top people and they represent a significant portion of your future transaction value. If word you are for sale gets out, your suppliers and bankers get nervous. Nothing good happens when the work gets out that your company is for sale.

6.Poor Contracts – Here we mean the day-to-day contracts that are in place with employees, customers, contractors, and suppliers. Do your employees have non-competes, for example? If your company has intellectual property, do you have very clear ownership rights defined in your employee and contractor agreements. If not, you could be looking at meaningful escrow holdbacks post closing. Are your customer agreements assignable without consent? If they are not, customers could cancel post transaction. Your buyer will make you pay for this one way or another. If you are tempted to sign that big deal at bargain rates to pump up your business selling price, think again. Locking in a contract at below market rates could actually cause a discount to your selling price.

7.Bad employee behavior – You need to make sure you have agreements in place so that employees cannot hold you hostage on a pending transaction. Key employees are key to transaction value. If you suspect there are issues, you may want to implement stay on bonuses. If you have a bad actor, firing him or her during a transaction could cause issues. You may want to be pre-emptive with your buyer and minimize any damage your employee might cause.

8.No understanding of your company’s value – Business valuations are complex. A good business broker or M & A advisor that has experience in your industry is your best bet. Business valuation firms are great for business valuations for gift and estate tax situations, divorce, etc. They tend to be very conservative and their results could vary significantly from your results from three strategic buyers in a battle to acquire your firm. Where a services business may sell for between 75% and 100% of last years sales, for example, technology companies are all over the map. One of our clients had a coveted piece of software technology and was able to get 8 X last years sales as his purchase price. We certainly could not have and would not have predicted that at the start of the engagement, but what a nice surprise. When it comes to selling your company, let the competitive market provide a value.

9.Getting into an auction of one – This is a silly visual, but imagine a big auction hall at Sotheby’s occupied by an auctioneer and one guy with an auction paddle. “Do I hear $5 million? Anybody $5.5 million?’ The guy is sitting on his paddle. Pretty silly, right? And yet we hear countless stories about a competitor coming in with an unsolicited offer and after a little light negotiating the owner sells. Another common story is the owner tells his banker, lawyer, or accountant that he is considering selling. His well-meaning professional says, “I have another client that is in your business. I will introduce you.” The next thing you know the business is sold. Believe me, these folks are buying you business at a big discount. That’s not silly at all!

10.Giving away value in negotiations and due diligence – When selling your business, your objective is to get the best terms and conditions. I know this is a shocker, but the buyer is trying to pay as little as possible and he is trying to get contractual terms favorable to him. These goals are not compatible with yours. The buyer is going to fight hard on issues like total price, cash at close, earn outs, seller notes, reps and warranties, escrow and holdbacks, post closing adjustments, etc. If you get into a meet in the middle compromise negotiation, before you know it, your Big Mac is a Junior Cheeseburger.

Due diligence has a dual purpose. The first is obviously to insure that the buyer knows exactly what he is paying for. The second is to attack transaction value with adjustments. Of course this happens after their LOI has sent the other bidders away for 30 to 60 days of exclusivity. If you don’t have a good team of advisors, this can get expensive

As my dad used to say, there is no replacement for experience. Another saying is that when a man with money and no experience meets a man with experience, the man with the experience walks away with the money and the man with the money walks away with some experience. Keep this in mind when contemplating the sale of your business. It will likely be your first and only experience. Avoid these mistakes and make that experience a profitable one.