What’s the difference between CAT, MAT & CMAT

With higher education becoming exceptionally competitive in India these days, higher education boards and institutions have opted for a more stringent policy towards college entrance examinations. Management studies have bee the latest sensation of the generation, with millions of students applying for management entrance examinations every year, with an aspiration of getting admissions to the top management colleges and B-schools in India. However, there often occur certain misunderstandings regarding the most prestigious management entrance examinations in India. As such, it is important to understand what the difference is between CAT 2012, CMAT 2012, and MAT 2012.

CAT 2012, also known as Common Admission Test, is one of the most prestigious, all-India level management entrance examinations, conducted by Indian Institutes of Management. Based on the CAT percentile, the successful candidates are eligible to appear for the next level of selection procedure, which includes Essay, Group Discussion and Personal Interview. The candidates, who become successful in all the steps of selection procedures, are eligible to get admission in nay of the top 5 IIMs. From 2009 onwards, CAT has been conducted online as a Computer Based Test, with a total of 60 multiple choice questions to be attempted in time duration of 2 hours and 15 minutes, exclusive of a 15 minutes tutorial. The core sections of CAT examination include Logical Reasoning, Data Interpretation, Quantitative Aptitude, and Verbal Ability. .

CMAT 2012 is also a national level management entrance examination, conducted by All India Council for Technical Education, with the aim of selecting the most eligible students for admission in 4,000 colleges offering a degree in MBA, and 500 colleges offering postgraduate diploma in management program. The eligibility criterion for CMAT is minimum 50% in graduation. Final year students of graduate courses can also apply. CMAT consist of total 100 multiple choice questions, with total marks of 400 and time duration of 180 minutes approx. There are four sections, including logical reasoning, quantitative techniques and data interpretation, general awareness, and language comprehension.

MAT 2012 or Management Aptitude Test is conducted every year by All India Management Association, and is approved by Ministry of HRD as a national entrance test. The examination pattern and syllabus for MAT is almost similar to CAT and CMAT.

All management entrance tests are vital, and it is imperative that you prepare hard for CAT 2012, MAT 2012, and CMAT 2012 in the best possible manner to earn a competitive edge over others.

Manish Gupta is Well known Author has written article on MBA, CAT, MAT, CMAT and other MBA Entrance Exams.

Information Technology What Is It And What Does It Mean To You

The management, as well as processing, of information in organizations is known as information technology, or IT. IT specifically deals with the use of electronic computers as well as computer software to convert, store, and process, transmit, retrieve and protect information. Persons that are engaged in such activities are known as information technology professionals or business process consultants and the division of a company that deals with software technology is known by the name of IT department.

The year 1951 saw the first commercial business computer being used in the UK by the Joe Lyons catering organization. In the beginning, information technology was used exclusively by large organizations who could afford the time as well as capital necessary to buy the required hardware and employ specialists for the development of software and. It was part of the IT department personnel to work through consequent cultural changes in the organization.

Today, information technology is no longer the custom, craft-based industry it used to be. And with mass production, the costs of making available IT systems have come down so that even the smallest organization or even private users and school-kids are able to use it for whatever means they wish to use it for. With the production of the Intel Pentium and compatible chips becoming more standardized it has allowed other components to be standardized as well and, thus allows software development to flourish.

Software such as Microsoft’s Office or IBM’s Lotus Notes and other software packages for different applications are available off the shelf. In addition, data storage has also become standardized and relational databases are being developed to common formats as well as conventions.

There are also common file formats that may be shared by large main-frame and desktop personal computers that allow online and real-time inputs and validations. The development of software has also fragmentized with specialist technicians using standard methodologies that provide predictable outcomes that are easily accessible. Office managers may be able to customize their information technology forms or databases and get satisfactory results.

Information technology is playing an active role in allowing not only business organizations, but also countries to strengthen their technological leadership. Information technology is being used to help individuals, organizations, and even governments achieve their goals and objectives. It means using computers as well as communications and transforming data into information as well as knowledge. What began as number crunching has now found application in almost every aspect of modern life and can be used for diverse applications.

With the coming together of computers with all forms of communications, the Internet and World Wide Web are now tools that professionals as well as lay persons can use for every imaginable use. The power, speed and capacity of present day computers have caused a rapid evolution in the way that people use information technology and information technology forms today.

Information technology is no longer about stand-alone computers but, with desktops, laptops or notebooks and wireless devices like palm pilots, iphones, personal organizers, and third-generation cellular phones that enable users to access e-mails via the internet, there is great diversity in how information technology is being used now-a-days.

With the swift and dramatic growth of the Internet being adopted by most everyone, it has moved information technology a step forward and allowed instantaneous communications that benefits research and provides a distinct advantage to enable businesses to exist in a cyberspace that seems to have no limits. Companies can now interact globally and share their information with others instantaneously and find information in the same manner, thus expanding their horizons, reach, and furthering their business aspirations and goals.

Information technology forms and templates are readily available in the market and finding one should not pose any problem as there are many vendors who specialize in such documents and for a few dollars one may obtain completely researched and well formed information technology forms and templates. There is no need for researching and creating one from scratch as buying these documents provides an avenue for obtaining comprehensively created solutions that have had experts draft them and they are suited for all manner of use. Spending a few dollars, one could reap great benefits as there is plenty to be saved in terms of time, money and cost as well as being tailored to suit individual requirements.

Latest Teeth Cleaning Technology Available Today

If you care about your overall health, oral care should definitely within your priority list. Isnt it that the teeth are one of a persons physical assets? And coupled with a great smile, anybody can instantly attract another persons attention.

So if youre one individual who wants to gain more self confidence, perhaps its time to give importance to the condition of your teeth. Go look yourself in the mirror and check whether your teeth are getting yellowish or if they have cavities. If you have problems, then book an appointment with your dentist right away.

As you may already know, the U.S. is one of the leading countries in the world where cosmetic dental procedures have greatly flourished in recent years. San Francisco in California is just one of the many progressive cities where many skilled dentists abound. If you live within the Bay Area, you will surely find a reputable dental professional who can help you in the oral care aspect of your health.

Teeth cleaning procedures in San Francisco now utilize more advanced technology unlike in the past. Dentists there have become very competitive that theyre always on the lookout for the latest technology that will make them more efficient in the area of teeth cleaning, whitening and restoration.

Cleaning the teeth has been taught to us by our parents since our toddler years hence this should be practiced as a standard procedure at least thrice daily from morning till night during the growing up years. Ideally, dentists recommend in-office teeth cleaning at least once a year for adults. This may vary, though, as some would recommend every six months while the others at least once in two years. This is to ensure that the condition of the teeth is well maintained and any cavity-filled tooth is fixed and the rotten ones pulled out.

Prophylaxis
Professional teeth cleaning is often referred to as prophylaxis. During this procedure, your dentist in San Francisco will remove plaque that gradually developed in difficult-to-reach areas despite proper oral care at home. Other steps that may be taken are tooth scaling, polishing and when much tartar is present, a debridement may be done as well to loosen and eventually get rid of the deposits from the teeth.

Apart from the prophylaxis, a yearly routine examination including a dental x-ray would also be beneficial to anybody. In this way, any problems will be detected earlier.

Laser Dentistry
When it comes to technology, there is now a laser-assisted teeth cleaning procedure suing the ezlase system. With this new laser tool, cleaning and sterilizing below the gumline is now made possible. This is considered a more comfortable and less painful option for people with gum disease compared to having the gums scraped.

Also, this system is beneficial for the recontouring of the soft tissue notably for those who want to undergo a smile makeover. People with braces can take advantage of this as well.

The Different Types Of Call Center Technology

Let us face the fact that as much as many people are not familiar with the basic idea of what a call center is, how much more with the call center technology? Several questions are being thrown in most of the call center forums online about the things related to call center and most of those are about the call center technology.

For everybodys information, a certain call center since it catered to customer service, technical operations, and much more, have been sustained by a gamut of telecommunications and computer technologies. The call center technology is comprised of automatic call distribution (ACD), interactive voice response (IVR), computer telephony integration (CTI), and customer relationship management (CRM). These various types of call center technology are being employed in call centers for a better output.

The call center technology called automatic call distribution or ACD in particular is inline with telephony and it is accordingly a device that delivers incoming calls from the customers to a particular throng of terminals. Furthermore, most of ACDs as part of the call center technology are seldom found in call center companies who tackle so much of incoming phone calls and wherein a particular caller has no peculiar need to keep in touch with a certain person. However, in this kind of a call center technology, a particular caller despite of having no need to talk to a certain person can talk to a random person who has the opportunity to talk to him at a most reasonable time. It is also considered that the task of handling incoming calls is carried by the ACD system. As a call center technology, the ACD system is comprised of hardware for the terminals and phone lines, and software for the routing tactics. The routing tactics in this kind of call center technology is a rule based set of discipline that demands the ACD how calls are taken and mange inside the system.

On the other hand, the second classification of a call center technology which is the interactive voice response or IVR generally functions as a computerized scheme that grants the person, usually a telephone caller, to choose an alternative from a voice menu and otherwise interface with a computer scheme. This scheme of a call center technology is generally catered to pre-recorded voice prompts to which the person chooses a number on a telephone keypad to choose the alternative selected or just speaks as simple as yes, no, or answers that the voice prompts needed.

The third kind of a call center technology which is the computer telephony integration or CTI is a call center technology that grants the interactions on a telephone and a computer to be intact and unified.

The above mentioned types of a call center technology are largely differentiated to the early innovation in the field of call center technology which is the existence of the customer relationship management or CRM. Such kind of a call center technology is enables different organizations to better provide good service to its customers by the use of reliable processes and steps for dealing with customers. It is considered that the best CRM strategy is typically supplied through a package devised to provide support for those processes.
Nowadays, certain ways to further advance a call center technology is being processed and most of it has been heavily employed in call centers. It is interesting to note that a latest call center technology with the use of the internet will allow the virtual call centers to be based across a companys telecommunications network without placing the call center people in one office.

It Training – Know The Importance Of Information Technology

What is Information Technology? Information Technology uses computers and software for the purpose of managing and storing information.

Here are some reasons why IT training is important:
IT training provides career advancement for professionals. It also helps open up promising job opportunities for students after they graduate or finish the training course online.
IT training can be done on a variety of subjects for anyone who wants to excel in the technology field. Training courses are offered to help enrich skills in subjects such as networking, computer programming, or web design. Possibly the most useful of these for a variety of IT positions is Microsoft Office training. Microsoft Office training is an online course for those who want to upgrade their skills in programs like Excel, MS Word, MS Powerpoint and MS Access.

IT positions are becoming increasingly needed in many industries. Because of that, many IT training colleges provide training for those who want to advance their career and be a certified professional in the field of technology. One method that is used for information technology training is instructor-led IT training. It is a mode of training that involves continual interaction between the facilitator and their students. This allows the students to learn directly from the people who are knowledgeable and have experience in the field. Instructor led training is regarded as the best method of IT training.
Many people question what the most efficient way is for them to hone their knowledge and develop their skills. It is wise to consider what IT training can do for you. IT education can change your life. You get to develop self discipline, set goals and at the same time achieve your full potential as an IT professional. IT training companies strive to develop and deliver quality education for IT learners. Their goal is to provide quality education for students who want to acquire advanced learning skills in a particular IT field.

The advantages of online information technology courses cannot be denied. It allows consumers to get training at their convenience without leaving the comfort of home. IT training allows a person to get a leg up on their competition in the highly competitive job market. With the right course choice, a person can learn more about one of the fastest growing fields in the world.

Sports Fans Reap Benefits Of Modern Technology

If there is any fanatic that has benefited the most from the advances in modern technology, it might as well be the sports fans. Although movie fans and those who obsess over any other variety of special interests may come in great numbers, there is truly nothing that compares in our modern culture to the amount of time, energy, and passion that sports fans devote to their interest. For many, it provides something to be proud about, a way of connecting with ones hometown, as well as their roots. Additionally, the modern arena and stadium have taken the place of what used to be a battle ground in ancient Roman times, whereby battles and survival of the fittest have been replaced by healthy athletic competition.

So how have these modern fanatics been granted special privileges when compared to their movie loving counterparts? The answer comes in the form of any variety of new media sources that have come to dominate our lives. Take, for instance, the increased subscription to satellite TV. The ordinary dish networks that now reach millions of American homes are among the best ways for these baseball, basketball, football and hockey fans to tap into their favorite games, as well as the recaps and highlights that can be thrilling for anyone who feels passionate about the game.

Not only have fans been granted more ways of accessing their favorite sporting events, but also the quality of the broadcasts has improved by multitudes. With high definition, for example, crisp colors and clear images make for a vivid viewing experience unlike any other. The explosion in popularity of home entertainment has indicated a shift in how many Americans actually watch the games as well. Whereas many fans used to find themselves huddles around small television screens in sports bars across the country, nowadays, more people have found that inviting friends over and enjoying the games in stunning HD from the comfort of their own homes if far preferable to these dated practices. In addition, the cost of hosting get-togethers in ones own home is the ideal way of bringing people together while saving a buck or two.

More sports fans than ever before have realized just how lucky they are to live in the modern age. The same kind of passion and energy that people are now familiar with as part of athletic competition was once almost impossible to come into close contact with if you werent able to attend the live game. As television began broadcasting more and more games, a considerable number of fans realized that they could enjoy their favorite teams at play from the comfort of their homes. Still, there were limitations, and many fans demanded more. Through the years, more services have emerged that cater specifically to these passionate individuals. Now, with smart phones, laptop computers and flat-screen television screens, getting close to the game or taking it with you wherever you go is a commonplace activity, and one that few would trade in under pressure.

How Technology Changed The Face Of Nursing

No workplace has escaped the touch of technology, including nursing. Nursing is still, and will always be, a field where technology has had a huge impact on the way that nurses do their job. While some of the technological advances have made the nurse’s job easier, others have been implemented as a price saving measure, and still others are used to improve patient safety.

Like those in other industries, nurses are often reluctant of using new technologies. With the desire to remain within the process they are familiar with, nurses are often unwillingly pulled into newer technologies. Like most others, once they become familiar with new technology, they grow to like it. One side effect of the new technological advancements in healthcare is the increase in jobs related to the field. Before ultrasounds, there was no need for someone trained to perform them. Respiratory therapy, nuclear medicine and many other branches of healthcare have created new jobs by the advancement of technology.

Improvements in medical care

Advancements in technology have lead to improved healthcare and patient care. Before the development of electronic IV monitors and IV pump infusions, anyone who received an IV had it administered under the watchful eye of a nurse. Because manual IVs were susceptible to stopping or flowing too rapidly, a nurse remained by the patient’s side every time they received an IV. When you consider how common IVs are, it is easy to see how much time is saved with the electronic IV monitor.

All nurses are familiar with the sphygmomanometer. This is the technical name for a blood pressure cuff. Having an electronic blood pressure cuff that also records the patient’s heart beat is probably one of the greatest time saving tools that technology has brought to nursing.

Technologies such as ultrasound and sonograms have given the medical community the ability to look inside of the human body and see unborn babies and cancerous tumors. While a nurse does not perform or read the ultrasounds and sonograms, their effect has touched the nursing community by allowing more invasive diagnostic procedures to fall by the wayside.

Improvements in information management

As important as nursing care is for the patient, it is only one part of the nurse’s job. The nurse is responsible for maintaining an accurate record on each patient under her care. While many hospitals continue to use pen and paper charting, technology can make the record keeping process less cumbersome. There are computerized programs available for medication dispensing, hospital occupancy and insurance and payment programs. Patient records can be maintained in a computerized database which allows the physician, nurse or other medical professional to pull up the patient’s medical history in seconds. Portable computing equipment allows the nurse to update the information on the fly, rather than at the end of each shift. Internet access allows medical personnel to have instant access to databases to search for symptoms and drug interactions.

Reducing the risk of mistakes

Computerized drug management software reduces the chances of a patient receiving the wrong drug, or being given two drugs that should not be given together. Portable defibrillators only work when they are needed and properly applied. Many of the improvements in technology are aimed at reducing the risk of errors and mistakes that can lead to injury or death. This not only makes the hospital a safer place for patients, but helps ease the stress nurses and other medical professionals are under.

Technology and the nurse

As the nursing field becomes more specialized, the need for nurses that are comfortable with new technology will only increase. While many of the therapies for disease involve drugs, a growing number include medical devices. Technology is focused on the healthcare industry right now for a variety of reasons. Recent drug interactions of approved drugs have made more healthcare development firms look at device development as a safer and less litigious area of development.

The growing needs for medical care and the shortage of healthcare workers also drive the development of new technology. Innovations that make it possible for a nurse to perform duties more efficiently, or allow them to hand over duties to an aide or administrative personnel increases efficiency and increase the number of patients that can be cared for with the same number of nurses.

The desire to reduce mistakes that can cause harm to the patient also drive the development of technology. Devices that have built in safeguards that prevent misuse are one example of this technology. In many highly computerized hospitals, a patient cannot be dispensed the improper medicine, because the computer checks current medications the patient is currently taking, and the patient’s diagnosis, before allowing the medication to be removed from the pharmacy. If the doctor wants the medicine, he must manually override the system.

While nothing can totally remove the pressure of working as a nurse, many innovative solutions have made the job much more manageable. While the learning curve is often steep, the savings in time and worry are your compensation.

Industries Depending On Hydraulic Equipment And Technology

Without the safety and support of hydraulics, the world would be a much different place. For starters, we could not build with the same efficiency that we do now. Perhaps the capacity for marvels of architecture would still be within our grasp-after all, the ancients built Stonehenge without the help of it-but chances are it wouldn’t happen in a day. Whenever you start to take hydraulic systems for granted, you should pause and reflect on just how many industries can say thank you for what this technological advancement has to offer.

Construction. Many large machines such as diggers and bull dozers can attribute their success to the operational efficiency of hydraulics. As a result, it is easier to dig out areas for construction, level them, and move heavy materials needed for the craftsmanship that goes into a building or a home. Without heavy equipment that is run by hydraulics, it would be next to impossible to build at a rate of speed that is sustainable to our current way of life.

Automotive. Every time you mash down the brake pedal in your car, you have hydraulic systems to thank for your ability to stop. The braking system of automobiles operates with surprising power in that with the simple movement of your foot you can slow your vehicle down to a crawl from high rates of speed. As a result, you get to where you are going faster than you could before without risking safety.

Mining. This technology is also instrumental in miners’ ability to extract useful minerals from the earth. They can go deep into the earth and find the materials necessary for manufacturing and industry above the surface, all while being able to get back to the surface and lead better qualities of life. Before hydraulics came along, transporting people and minerals to and from the surface was a much harder and more dangerous task.

Oil drilling. In order for petroleum companies to get the oil they need from deep in the earth’s crust, heavy machinery is needed that allows drilling to occur with speed and efficiency. Enter hydraulics. With this technology, it is possible to reach greater depths in far less time than history allowed. This opens a world of possibilities for fuel production, energy, and savings.

Freight shipping. In order to move large loads of goods and materials to their destinations on time, the transportation industry requires this technology to move the largest loads with the least amount of effort. While you can never discount the human element in such a task, you can keep up with the increasing demands of a larger world by getting the goods to the right people at the right time.

Advantages Of Voip Technology As Proposed By Omid Shekarchian

There are a lot of uses of communication and it tends to contribute significantly to the growth of the society. In simple terms, communication is a means through which messages or certain information could be passed from one to another. It is a proven way to inherit experience or knowledge from previous generations and by passing it on to future generations, thus giving us an ability to progress, perform and produce. Conclusively, it forms an integral part of our life to communicate with each other.

Formerly, the modes of communication were pretty slow and with the advancement of technology, telephone and wireless systems came into existence. Communicating to distant countries across the globe over the telephone turned out to be an expensive affair and there was a need to launch something more effective at lower costs. In the present age, the speeds of communication are increasing and there is a need to follow the super-fast data streams over the internet. The inception of VoIP opened a new era of communication techniques.

VoIP stands for Voice over Internet Protocol. Here the communication takes place over the internet. With reduced costs and highly effective performance, more and more people are turning towards VoIP services. The biggest advantage is that information could be exchanged within a fraction of a second, just like the conventional telephony. VoIP converts the conventional analog signal into a digital format, an acceptable form to be able to transmit over the internet. The signal could then be received in the receivers end in the same format.

VoIP service could also be used by the means of a digital phone or a soft phone. In addition, some people also use it through a conventional Analog phone. The biggest advantage is that it is completely user-friendly and the users just need to dial the number in order to get started. The service functions globally and in accordance to the bandwidth, the users can also use the video features, enhancing complete media conferences. This adds benefit to the corporate organisations that has headquarters in different countries. People often use it to stay in touch with friends and relatives residing in several parts of the world and they tend to feel so empowered with the video conferencing mode.

On the other hand, since the VoIP signals are transmitted over the internet, the service is prone to attacks existing on the internet. The data exchanged over digital internet streams could be easily hacked by experts and therefore this technology is not as secured. Although, there are a lot of developments in the field, government and military organisations are employing Voice over Secured Internet Protocol (VoSIP) so as to ensure secured transmissions. However, regardless of the security flaw, the technology is escalating in popularity due to its effectiveness and inexpensiveness.

Profile: Omid started his career in the telecommunication business development at a very early age. He has more than 15 years of experience in financial planning and optimized cash flow system design and development. He joined Tele1Ten Inc recently where his task was to provide complete one-stop solutions business model for comprehensive voice and data needs. Omid Shekarchian has fair incumbent knowledge for front end and back end interface and has developed unique wireless solutions capable of reaching millions of subscribers in wide region.

Omid has earned his BS degree in electrical engineering through KNT University and got his MS degree in Operations Research through the University of Industry & Science. It has been a decade since VoIP has scaled high on the development graph which shows its popularity and its cost-effectiveness. VoIP is the latest trend in the telecommunication industry which helps users to make calls with the help internet rather using any telecom provider.

What Good Is Information Technology

Most companies ought to have an IT department. This appears to be an obvious observation. However, it is worth recognizing that, in the memories of more than half the working population of the US, a company department organized solely around information technology was unheard of. The IT department has evolved from a narrowly focused data processing element of the accounting department to a function that supports and, in many cases, drives, nearly every area of the company. This has happened in a mere 40 years. Stand-alone IT departments are a relatively recent development. The number of people working in technology-related jobs grew six times faster between 1983 and 1998 than the US workforce at large. Information technology related industries doubled their share of the US economy between 1977 and 1998. Practically overnight, technology related services have become a global, trillion-dollar industry.

The principle driver behind this remarkable, rapid creation of a vibrant, sophisticated, and enormous industry and the attendant inclusion of a department dedicated to it in every credible company, is the quest for business productivity improvement.

The notion of technology investments as a driver of US business productivity has a controversial history. The benefits of technology investments (and IT departments) were not always so apparent. Productivity growth in the US faltered from the mid-1970s through the early 1990s, in spite of large technology investments from most major US corporations. The disconnect between heavy capital and expense investment and the theoretically associated improvements in productivity led to a so-called productivity paradox. In reaction to the failure of such large investments to produce the expected productivity gains, MIT Nobel Laureate Robert Solow famously remarked in 1987, “You can see the computer age everywhere but in the productivity statistics.” More recent research suggests that the productivity benefits from the deployment of technology have had a massive, albeit delayed, impact on the US and world economy.

A variety of researchers have concluded that investments in IT have been instrumental in the improved productivity seen in the US economy beginning in the mid 1990s. In early 2000, the Federal Reserve gave information technology investments credit for approximately $50 billion in productivity improvement, which represents more than 65% of the total $70 billion in productivity gains seen by businesses in the US in the last half of 1990s.

The Federal Reserve staff report, by Kevin J Stiroh, concluded, “Industry-level data show a broad productivity resurgence that reflects both the production and the use of IT. The most IT-intensive industries experienced significantly larger productivity gains than other industries.” The report went even further, attributing most of the productivity improvement to technology. “Results show that virtually all of the aggregate productivity acceleration can be traced to the industries that either produce IT or use IT most intensively.”

Business 2.0 magazine summarized the turnabout in top economic thinkers viewpoints on the productivity gains from technology, saying that those gains: …materialized in force beginning in 1995. What followed was a five year run in which productivity grew an astonishing 2.8 percent a year, or double the rate of the previous two decades. (The numbers may sound small, but at 2.8 percent, living standards double every 25 years; at 1.4 percent, they double every 50.)